Your musculoskeletal system is the combination of the muscular and skeletal systems that give people the ability to move. It comprises of the bones, muscles, tendons and ligaments, which all contribute towards supporting the weight of your body and allowing you to move.

Having good musculoskeletal health means that the muscles, joints and bones all work together in the body, without pain, so that you can perform the activities that you choose, easily and without discomfort. Keeping the musculoskeletal system healthy is crucial not only to the health of the body’s systems but also for achieving an overall positive quality of life.

Not every musculoskeletal condition can be avoided, but there are some lifestyle factors that will increase the risk.

Not getting enough physical activity

Without participating in regular physical activities, muscle mass will begin to diminish, the bones may become weakened and the other tissues may suffer from injury or disease from lack of use. Regular exercise improves your bone health, increases muscle strength, coordination, balance and leads to better musculoskeletal health. An optimal goal for most people is at least 30 minutes of physical activity, preferably daily.

Poor diet

If your diet is lacking in calcium and vitamin D then your body will begin to remove it from your bones and tissues, resulting in bones that are weak and brittle. Both calcium and vitamin D are needed for the health of our bones and muscles and they work together to keep our musculoskeletal system strong. 


Smoking decreases the body’s absorption of calcium which is needed by your bones to stay strong and healthy. Smoking slows down the production of bone-forming cells and reduces the blood supply to bones, which can result in osteoporosis. Smoking also affects the other tissues within the musculoskeletal system.

Excessive alcohol consumption

Excess alcohol consumption can interfere with calcium absorption, a problem that over time could lead to osteoporosis and also may lead to joint inflammation, especially for individuals who already suffer from arthritis.

Achieving better musculoskeletal health

Many people have difficulty with the above-mentioned risk factors, but simply by making a few positive changes to your lifestyle, you can make a significant impact on your overall musculoskeletal health.

Try to engage in regular physical activity such as cardiovascular, flexibility and strength exercises. Follow a balanced diet that includes calcium and vitamin D. Consume alcohol moderately and try to avoid smoking.

If you want to learn more about improving your musculoskeletal health, talk to an expert at Backworks. We offer musculoskeletal services, consultations and preventative care for back and neck pain in Southend-on-Sea, Essex. Emergency appointments and online consultations are also available.